Poland is situated in a very central part of Europe. It is the seventh largest country in Europe. The country is divided into 16 voivodships and has a population of almost 39 million. Warsaw, the capital and Poland's largest metropolitan area, has a population of 1,7 million people. The other largest cities are: Lodz, Krakow, Wroclaw, Poznan, Gdansk, Katowice, Lublin and Szczecin.

The Polish President is elected every five years, and elections for Parliament take place every four years.




Poland Public Holidays in 2017 – red-letter days

1 January - New Year's Day

6 January - Epiphany

16 April - Easter

17 April - Easter Monday

1 May - State Holiday

3 May - Constitution Day

15 June - Corpus Christi

15 August - Assumption

1 November - All Saint's Day

11 November - Independence Day

25 December - Christmas Day

26 December - Second Day of Christmas


Weather and climate

Poland has a moderate climate with warm (sometimes very hot) summers (June-August), sunny autumns (Semtember-November) and cold winters (December-February). Snow covers the mountainous area in the south of Poland (mid-December to April). Rain falls throughout the year.




Shopping in Poland

The main things to purchase are arts and crafts – glass, hand-woven rugs, silverware, jewellery made with silver, dolls in regional costumes, woodcarvings. Much loved item available widely is amber, especially in the north of the country in and around Gdańsk.

Cities have a large number of different type of shops, many of which are international chains

General shopping hours

Mon-Fri 10am - 6pm/8pm, Sat 10am-14pm and Sun 10am-14pm. 'Night shops' open 24/7 Supermarkets are usually open daily 10am-8pm.



230 volts AC, 50Hz; European plugs with two round pins are standard. Electrical equipment of 110 Volts / 60 Hertz requires the use of an adapter or a voltage converter.





Poland is in the Central European Time Zone: GMT + 1. Summertime is applicable from the last Sunday in March until the last Sunday in October when they set the clock back one hour (GMT+2).

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