UNESCO World Heritage List
The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) wants to identify, protect and preserve cultural and natural heritage around the world. Places unique and diverse all over the world make up our world’s heritage.
Cracow – The Old Town and Kazimierz district
The Old Town of Krakow, the former Polish capital has the largest market in Europe, numerous historic tenement houses, well-equipped palaces and churches, the medieval Kazimierz district with historic synagogues, the Jagiellonian University and the Gothic cathedral where the Polish kings are buried.
The Royal Salt Mines in Wieliczka and Bochnia
The Mines have been exploited since the 13th century. In Wieliczka are 9 levels and 360 km of sidewalks with altars, statues and other works of art carved in salt. In Bochnia a valuable legacy of the spiritual culture of Bochnia miners are underground chapels and places of religious worship.
Warsaw – the Old Town
During World War II, over 85% of the Old Town buildings were destroyed by Nazi troops. After the war, by the will of the society, a five-year reconstruction work was undertaken. This is a unique example of the almost complete reconstruction of monuments from an unbroken historical sequence from the 13th to the 20th century.
Torun – the medieval town complex
Toruń was founded in the mid-13th century by the Teutonic Order. It was a river port city of a great importance. His rank is demonstrated by numerous magnificent 14th and 15th century public and private buildings (including the Copernicus House) and city gates overlooking the Vistula River.
Kalwaria Zebrzydowska – architectural and landscape complex as well as a pilgrim park
This place is a combination of cultural landscape with spiritual pronunciation. Chapels relating to the Passion and life of the Mother of God are inscribed in the natural surroundings. It is an almost unchanged space since the 17th century, which is still a pilgrimage destination.
Churches of Peace in Jawor and Świdnica
They are the largest skeletal wooden religious buildings in Europe, which were built in Silesia in the mid-seventeenth century. They are a place of Lutheran worship and although their construction was limited by political and material conditions, they delight with their size and beautiful finish.
Wooden churches of southern Lesser Poland – Binarowa, Blizne, Dębno, Haczów, Lipnica Murowana, Sękowa
The framework technique used in the construction of these churches was widespread in Northern and Eastern Europe since the Middle Ages. Churches arose from the foundation of noble families and were a symbol of prestige. They were an interesting alternative to brick buildings erected in cities.
Muskau Park – Polish-German cross-border facility
A huge space created in the 19th century in the estates of Prince Muskau. The park initiated a new approach in landscape design and influenced the development of landscape architecture in Europe and America. Local plants was used here to emphasize the values of the existing landscape.
Wooden churches in the Polish and Ukrainian Carpathian region
The entry includes 16 selected churches, of which eight are located in Poland and eight in Ukraine. The churches were built from the 16th to the 19th century as temples of the Orthodox and Greek Catholic communities. They testify to separate building traditions rooted in the tradition of the Eastern Church. They contain elements of local construction and symbolic references to a given community.
Tarnowskie Góry – the Ore Miine of lead, silver and zinc and a groundwater management system
The facility includes an entire underground mine with adits, shafts, galleries and a groundwater management system that has been discharged to the surface for 300 years. This water was used to supply the city with drinking water and for industrial use. Source
Krzemionki Opatowskie – the region of prehistoric striped flint mining
This place in the Świętokrzyskie Mountains is associated with mining in the Neolithic and Bronze Age (circa 39000 to 1600 years BC), when striped flint was mined and processed here, mainly used for making tools. It is one of the most fully preserved neolithic underground mining systems and flint treatment. Source